Since its origins in the early 1970s, the National Libertarian Party has advocated a
platform of minimal government restrained only to its legitimate function of protecting
individuals from the initiation of physical force (or its corollary, fraud) by
other individuals. The national party platform serves as the foundation for the developing
platform of the Libertarian Party of Brevard County. Visit the link below to read the
Libertarian Party Platform
1998 National Platform of the Libertarian Party
Adopted in Convention
As Libertarians, we seek a world of liberty; a world in which all individuals are
sovereign over their own lives, and no one is forced to sacrifice his or her values for
the benefit of others.
We believe that respect for individual rights is the essential precondition for a free
and prosperous world, that force and fraud must be banished from human relationships, and
that only through freedom can peace and prosperity be realized.
Consequently, we defend each person's right to engage in any activity that is peaceful
and honest, and welcome the diversity that freedom brings. The world we seek to build is
one where individuals are free to follow their own dreams in their own ways, without
interference from government or any authoritarian power.
In the following pages we have set forth our basic principles and enumerated various
policy stands derived from those principles.
These specific policies are not our goal, however. Our goal is nothing more nor less
than a world set free in our lifetime, and it is to this end that we take these stands.
1.1. FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY
We believe that individuals should be free to make choices for themselves and to accept
responsibility for the consequences of the choices they make. We must accept the right of
others to choose for themselves if we are to have the same right. Our support of an
individual's right to make choices in life does not mean that we necessarily approve or
disapprove of those choices.
We believe people must accept personal responsibility for the consequences of their
actions. Libertarian policies will promote a society where people are free to make and
learn from their own decisions. Personal responsibility is discouraged by government
denying individuals the opportunity to exercise it. In fact, the denial of freedom fosters
The continuing high level of violent crime -- and the government's demonstrated
inability to deal with it -- threatens the lives, happiness, and belongings of Americans.
At the same time, governmental violations of rights undermine the people's sense of
justice with regard to crime. The appropriate way to suppress crime is through consistent
and impartial enforcement of laws that protect individual rights. Laws pertaining to
"victimless crimes" should be repealed since such laws themselves violate
individual rights and also breed genuine crime. We applaud the trend toward private
protection services and voluntary community crime control groups. We support institutional
changes, consistent with full respect for the rights of the accused, that would permit
victims to direct the prosecution in criminal cases.
1.3. VICTIMLESS CRIMES
Because only actions that infringe on the rights of others can properly be termed
crimes, we favor the repeal of all federal, state, and local laws creating
"crimes" without victims. In particular, we advocate:
a. the repeal of all laws prohibiting the production, sale, possession, or use of
drugs, and of all medicinal prescription requirements for the purchase of vitamins, drugs,
and similar substances;
b. the repeal of all laws restricting or prohibiting the use or sale of alcohol,
requiring health warning labels and signs, making bartenders or hosts responsible for the
behavior of customers and guests, making liquor companies liable for birth defects, and
making gambling houses liable for the losses of intoxicated gamblers;
c. the repeal of all laws or policies authorizing stopping drivers without probable
cause to test for alcohol or drug use;
d. the repeal of all laws regarding consensual sexual relations, including prostitution
and solicitation, and the cessation of state oppression and harassment of homosexual men
and women, that they, at last, be accorded their full rights as individuals;
e. the repeal of all laws regulating or prohibiting the possession, use, sale,
production, or distribution of sexually explicit material, independent of "socially
redeeming value" or compliance with "community standards";
f. the repeal of all laws regulating or prohibiting gambling;
g. the repeal of anti-racketeering statutes such as the Racketeer Influenced and
Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), which punish peaceful behavior -- including insider
trading in securities, sale of sexually explicit material, and nonviolent anti-abortion
protests -- by freezing and/or seizing assets of the accused or convicted; and
h. the repeal of all laws interfering with the right to commit suicide as infringements
of the ultimate right of an individual to his or her own life.
We demand the use of executive pardon to free and exonerate all those presently
incarcerated or ever convicted solely for the commission of these "crimes." We
condemn the wholesale confiscation of property prior to conviction by the state that all
too often accompanies police raids, searches, and prosecutions for victimless crimes.
Further, we recognize that, often, the Federal Government blackmails states which
refuse to comply with these laws by withholding funds and we applaud those states which
refuse to be so coerced.
1.4. THE WAR ON DRUGS
The so-called "War on Drugs" is a grave threat to individual liberty, to
domestic order and to peace in the world; furthermore, it has provided a rationale by
which the power of the state has been expanded to restrict greatly our right to privacy
and to be secure in our homes.
We call for the repeal of all laws establishing criminal or civil penalties for the use
of drugs and of "anti-crime" measures restricting individual rights to be secure
in our persons, homes, and property, or limiting our rights to keep and bear arms.
1.5. SAFEGUARDS FOR THE CRIMINALLY ACCUSED
Until such time as persons are proved guilty of crimes, they should be accorded full
respect for their individual rights. We are thus opposed to reduction of constitutional
safeguards of the rights of the criminally accused.
We oppose labeling cases as "civil" strictly to avoid the due process
protections of criminal law and we further oppose governmental civil and criminal pretrial
seizure of property for criminal offenses.
We oppose police officers using excessive force on the disorderly or the criminally
accused, handing out what they may consider to be instant punishments on the streets,
preventive detention, and no-knock laws. Instant-punishment policies deprive the accused
of important checks on government power -- juries and the judicial process. We oppose any
concept that some individuals are by nature second-class citizens who only understand
instant punishment and any claim that the police possess special insight into recognizing
persons in need of punishment.
We support full restitution for all loss suffered by persons arrested, indicted, tried,
imprisoned, or otherwise injured in the course of criminal proceedings against them that
do not result in their conviction. When they are responsible, government police employees
or agents should be liable for this restitution.
We call for a reform of the judicial system allowing criminal defendants and civil
parties to a court action a reasonable number of peremptory challenges to proposed judges,
similar to their right under the present system to challenge a proposed juror.
1.6. JUSTICE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL
The present system of criminal law is based almost solely on punishment with little
concern for the victim. We support restitution for the victim to the fullest degree
possible at the expense of the criminal or wrongdoer.
We oppose the prosecution of individuals for exercising their rights of self-defense.
We oppose all "no-fault" insurance laws, which deprive the victim of the
right to recover damages from those responsible in the case of injury. We also support the
right of the victim to pardon the criminal or wrongdoer, barring threats to the victim for
this purpose. We applaud the growth of private adjudication of disputes by mutually
We support a change in rape laws so that cohabitation will no longer be a defense
against a charge of rape.
We oppose the current practice of forced jury duty and favor all-volunteer juries. In
addition, we urge the assertion of the common-law right of juries to judge not only the
facts but also the justice of the law. In all cases to which the government is a party,
the judge should be required to inform the jurors of their common law right to judge the
law, as well as the facts, and to acquit a criminal defendant, and to find against the
government in a civil trial, whenever they deem the law unjust or oppressive.
1.8. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY
The only legitimate use of force is in defense of individual rights -- life, liberty,
and justly acquired property -- against aggression, whether by force or fraud. This right
inheres in the individual, who -- with his or her consent -- may be aided by any other
individual or group.
The right of defense extends to defense against aggressive acts of government. We favor
an immediate end to the doctrine of "Sovereign Immunity" which ignores the
primacy of the individual over the abstraction of the State, and holds that the State,
contrary to the tradition of redress of grievances, may not be sued without its permission
or held accountable for its actions under civil law.
1.9. GOVERNMENT AND MENTAL HEALTH
We oppose the involuntary commitment of any person to or involuntary treatment in a
We advocate an end to the spending of tax money for any program of psychiatric,
psychological, or behavioral research or treatment.
We favor an end to the acceptance of criminal defenses based on "insanity" or
"diminished capacity" which absolve the guilty of their responsibility.
1.10. FREEDOM OF COMMUNICATION
We defend the rights of individuals to unrestricted freedom of speech, freedom of the
press and the right of individuals to dissent from government itself. We recognize that
full freedom of expression is possible only as part of a system of full property rights.
The freedom to use one's own voice; the freedom to hire a hall; the freedom to own a
printing press, a broadcasting station, or a transmission cable; the freedom to wave or
burn one's own flag; and similar property-based freedoms are precisely what constitute
freedom of communication. At the same time, we recognize that freedom of communication
does not extend to the use of other people's property to promote one's ideas without the
voluntary consent of the owners.
We oppose any abridgment of the freedom of speech through government censorship,
regulation or control of communications media, including, but not limited to, laws
-- Obscenity, including "pornography", as we hold this to be an abridgment of
liberty of expression despite claims that it instigates rape or assault, or demeans and
-- Reception and storage equipment, such as digital audio tape recorders and radar
warning devices, and the manufacture of video terminals by telephone companies;
-- Electronic bulletin boards, communications networks, and other interactive
electronic media as we hold them to be the functional equivalent of speaking halls and
printing presses in the age of electronic communications, and as such deserving of full
-- Electronic newspapers, electronic "Yellow Pages", and other new
information media, as these deserve full freedom.
-- Commercial speech or advertising.
We oppose speech codes at all schools that are primarily tax funded. Language that is
deemed offensive to certain groups is not a cause for legal action.
We favor the abolition of the Federal Communications Commission as we would provide for
free market ownership of airwave frequencies, deserving of full First Amendment
We oppose government ownership or subsidy of, or funding for, any communications
We strongly oppose the government's burgeoning practice of invading newsrooms, or the
premises of other innocent third parties, in the name of law enforcement. We further
oppose court orders gagging news coverage of criminal proceedings -- the right to publish
and broadcast must not be abridged merely for the convenience of the judicial system. We
deplore any efforts to impose thought control on the media, either by the use of anti-
trust laws, or by any other government action in the name of stopping "bias."
Removal of all of these regulations and practices throughout the communications media
would open the way to diversity and innovation. We shall not be satisfied until the First
Amendment is expanded to protect full, unconditional freedom of communication.
1.11. FREEDOM OF RELIGION
We defend the rights of individuals to engage in (or abstain from) any religious
activities that do not violate the rights of others. In order to defend freedom, we
advocate a strict separation of church and State. We oppose government actions that either
aid or attack any religion. We oppose taxation of church property for the same reason that
we oppose all taxation. We oppose the harassment of churches by the Internal Revenue
Service through threats to deny tax-exempt status to churches that refuse to disclose
massive amounts of information about themselves.
We condemn the attempts by parents or any others -- via kidnappings or conservatorships
-- to force children to conform to any religious views. Government harassment or
obstruction of religious groups for their beliefs or non-violent activities must end.
1.12. THE RIGHT TO PROPERTY
There is no conflict between property rights and human rights. Indeed, property rights
are the rights of humans with respect to property, and as such, are entitled to the same
respect and protection as all other human rights.
All rights are inextricably linked with property rights. Such rights as the freedom
from involuntary servitude as well as the freedom of speech and the freedom of press are
based on self-ownership. Our bodies are our property every bit as much as is justly
acquired land or material objects.
We further hold that the owners of property have the full right to control, use,
dispose of, or in any manner enjoy, their property without interference, until and unless
the exercise of their control infringes the valid rights of others. We oppose all
violations of the right to private property, liberty of contract, and freedom of trade
done in the name of national security. We also condemn current government efforts to
regulate or ban the use of property in the name of aesthetic values, riskiness, moral
standards, cost-benefit estimates, or the promotion or restriction of economic growth. We
specifically condemn all government interference in the operation of private businesses,
such as restaurants and airlines, by either requiring or prohibiting designated smoking or
non-smoking areas for their employees or their customers.
We demand an end to the taxation of privately owned real property, which actually makes
the State the owner of all lands and forces individuals to rent their homes and places of
business from the State. We condemn attempts to employ eminent domain to municipalize
sports teams or to try to force them to stay in their present location.
Where property, including land, has been taken from its rightful owners by the
government or private action in violation of individual rights, we favor restitution to
the rightful owners.
1.13. PROTECTION OF PRIVACY
The individual's right to privacy, property, and right to speak or not to speak should
not be infringed by the government. The government should not use electronic or other
means of covert surveillance of an individual's actions or private property without the
consent of the owner or occupant. Correspondence, bank and other financial transactions
and records, doctors' and lawyers' communications, employment records, and the like should
not be open to review by government without the consent of all parties involved in those
We support the protections provided by the Fourth Amendment and oppose any government
use of search warrants to examine or seize materials belonging to innocent third parties.
We also oppose police roadblocks aimed at randomly, and without probable cause, testing
drivers for intoxication and police practices to stop mass transit vehicles and search
passengers without probable cause.
So long as the National Census and all federal, state, and other government agencies'
compilations of data on an individual continue to exist, they should be conducted only
with the consent of the persons from whom the data is sought.
We oppose all restrictions and regulations on the private development, sale, and use of
encryption technology. We specifically oppose any requirement for disclosure of encryption
methods or keys, including the government's proposals for so-called "key escrow"
which is truly government access to keys, and any requirement for use of
government-specified devices or protocols. We also oppose government classification of
civilian research on encryption methods.
If a private employer screens prospective or current employees via questionnaires,
polygraph tests, urine tests for drugs, blood tests for AIDS, or other means, this is a
condition of that employer's labor contracts. Such screening does not violate the rights
of employees, who have the right to boycott such employers if they choose. Private
contractual arrangements, including labor contracts, must be founded on mutual consent and
agreement in a society that upholds freedom of association. On the other hand, we oppose
any use of such screening by government or regulations requiring government contractors to
impose any such screening.
We oppose government regulations that require employers to provide health insurance
coverage for employees, which often encourage unnecessary intrusions by employers into the
privacy of their employees.
We oppose the issuance by the government of an identity card, to be required for any
purpose, such as employment, voting, or border crossing.
We further oppose the nearly universal requirement for use of the Social Security
Number as a personal identification code, whether by government
agencies or by intimidation of private companies by governments.
1.14. GOVERNMENT SECRECY
We condemn the government's use of secret classifications to keep from the public
information that it should have. We favor substituting a system in which no individual may
be convicted for violating government secrecy classifications unless the government
discharges its burden of proving that the publication:
a. violated the right of privacy of those who have been coerced into revealing
confidential or proprietary information to government agents, or
b. disclosed defensive military plans so as to materially impair the capabilities to
respond to attack.
It should always be a defense to such prosecution that information divulged shows that
the government has violated the law.
1.15. INTERNAL SECURITY AND CIVIL LIBERTIES
We call for abolition of secret police, such as the Central Intelligence Agency. We
support Congressional investigation of criminal activities of the CIA and FBI and of
wrongdoing by other governmental agencies.
We support the abolition of the subpoena power as used by Congressional committees
against individuals or firms. We oppose any efforts to revive the House Internal Security
Committee or its predecessor the House Un-American Activities Committee, and call for the
destruction of its files on private individuals and groups. We also call for the abolition
of the Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security.
1.16. THE RIGHT TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS
The Bill of Rights recognizes that an armed citizenry is essential to a free society.
We affirm the right to keep and bear arms and oppose all laws at any level of government
restricting, regulating, or requiring the ownership, manufacture, transfer, or sale of
firearms or ammunition. We oppose all laws requiring registration of firearms or
ammunition. We also oppose any government efforts to ban or restrict the use of tear gas,
"mace," or other self-protection devices. We further oppose all attempts to ban
weapons or ammunition on the grounds that they are risky or unsafe.
We support repeal of the National Firearms Act of 1934 and the Federal Gun Control Act
of 1968, and we demand the immediate abolition of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and
We favor the repeal of laws banning the concealment of weapons or prohibiting pocket
weapons. We also oppose the banning of inexpensive handguns ("Saturday night
specials"), and semi-automatic or so-called assault weapons and their magazines or
1.17. CONSCRIPTION AND THE MILITARY
Recognizing that registration is the first step toward full conscription, we oppose all
attempts at compulsory registration of any person and all schemes for automatic
registration through government invasions of the privacy of school, motor vehicle, or
other records. We call for the abolition of the still-functioning elements of the
Selective Service System, believing that impressment of individuals into the armed forces
is involuntary servitude. We call for the destruction of all files in computer-readable or
hard-copy form compiled by the Selective Service System. We also oppose any form of
national service, such as a compulsory youth labor program.
We oppose adding women to the pool of those eligible for and subject to the draft, not
because we think that as a rule women are unfit for combat, but because we believe that
this step enlarges the number of people subjected to government tyranny.
We support the immediate and unconditional exoneration of all who have been accused or
convicted of draft evasion, desertion from the military, and other acts of resistance to
such transgressions as imperialistic wars and aggressive acts of the military. Members of
the military should have the same right to quit their jobs as other persons.
We call for the end of the Defense Department practice of discharging armed forces
personnel for homosexual conduct. We further call for retraction of all
less-than-honorable discharges previously assigned for such reasons and deletion of such
information from military personnel files.
We recommend the repeal of the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the recognition and
equal protection of the rights of armed forces members. This will thereby promote morale,
dignity, and a sense of justice within the military.
We hold that human rights should not be denied or abridged on the basis of nationality.
We condemn massive roundups of Hispanic Americans and others by the federal government in
its hunt for individuals not possessing required government documents. We strongly oppose
all measures that punish employers who hire undocumented workers. Such measures repress
free enterprise, harass workers, and systematically discourage employers from hiring
We welcome all refugees to our country and condemn the efforts of U.S. officials to
create a new "Berlin Wall" which would keep them captive. We condemn the U.S.
government's policy of barring those refugees from our country and preventing Americans
from assisting their passage to help them escape tyranny or improve their economic
Undocumented non-citizens should not be denied the fundamental freedom to labor and to
move about unmolested. Furthermore, immigration must not be restricted for reasons of
race, religion, political creed, age, or sexual preference.
We therefore call for the elimination of all restrictions on immigration, the abolition
of the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the Border Patrol, and a declaration of
full amnesty for all people who have entered the country illegally. We oppose government
welfare and resettlement payments to non-citizens just as we oppose government welfare
payments to all other persons.
1.19. FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION AND GOVERNMENT DISCRIMINATION
Individual rights should not be denied, abridged, or enhanced at the expense of other
people's rights by laws at any level of government based on sex, wealth, race, color,
creed, age, national origin, personal habits, political preference, or sexual orientation.
We support repealing any such laws rather than extending them to all individuals.
Discrimination imposed by government has caused a multitude of problems.
Anti-discrimination laws create the same problems. While we do not advocate private
discrimination, we do not support any laws which attempt to limit or ban it.
The right to trade includes the right not to trade -- for any reasons whatsoever; the
right of association includes the right not to associate, for exercise of this right
depends upon mutual consent.
1.20. WOMEN'S RIGHTS AND ABORTION
We hold that individual rights should not be denied or abridged on the basis of sex. We
call for repeal of all laws discriminating against women, such as protective labor laws
and marriage or divorce laws which deny the full rights of men and women. We oppose all
laws likely to impose restrictions on free choice and private property or to widen tyranny
through reverse discrimination.
Recognizing that abortion is a very sensitive issue and that libertarians can hold
good-faith views on both sides, we believe the government should be kept entirely out of
the question, allowing all individuals to be guided by their own consciences. We oppose
all restrictions on the sale of RU 486, and on the sale of menstruation-inducing
contragestive pills, which block fertilized eggs from attaching themselves to the womb. We
oppose legislation restricting or subsidizing women's access to abortion or other
reproductive health services; this includes requiring consent of the prospective father,
waiting periods, and mandatory indoctrination on fetal development, as well as Medicaid or
any other taxpayer funding. It is particularly harsh to force someone who believes that
abortion is murder to pay for another's abortion.
We also condemn state-mandated abortions.
It is the right and obligation of the pregnant woman, not the state, to decide the
desirability or appropriateness of prenatal testing, Caesarean births, fetal surgery,
voluntary surrogacy arrangements, and/or home births.
1.21. SEXUAL RIGHTS
We believe that adults have the right to private choice in consensual sexual activity.
We oppose any government attempt to dictate, prohibit, control, or encourage any
private lifestyle, living arrangement or contractual relationship.
We support repeal of existing laws and policies which are intended to condemn, affirm,
encourage, or deny sexual lifestyles or any set of attitudes about such lifestyles.
1.22. FAMILY LIFE
We support protection of the integrity of families and households as contractual
institutions against government intrusion and interference. Such governmental interference
has undermined the value of families and households as cultural institutions of love,
nurture, companionship, kinship, and personal development by forcing them to conform to a
rigid, inflexible design. Moreover, we condemn the usurpation by government through morals
laws, government welfare programs, and government schools, of activities long carried on
by families and households. We further accuse government of designing educational programs
that place civic and moral education under the control of politicians and of designing
welfare laws that destroy families and households.
1.23. AMERICAN INDIAN RIGHTS
The rights of American Indians have been usurped over the years. We support the
following remedies: (1) individuals should be free to select their own citizenship and
tribes should be free to select the level of autonomy the tribe wishes, (2) Indians should
have their property rights restored, including rights of easement, access, hunting, and
fishing, (3) the Bureau of Indian Affairs should be abolished leaving tribal members to
determine their own system of governance, and (4) negotiations should be undertaken to
resolve all outstanding differences between the tribes and the government.
2.0. TRADE AND THE ECONOMY
We believe that each person has the right to offer goods and services to others on the
free market. Therefore we oppose all intervention by government into the area of
economics. The only proper role of existing governments in the economic realm is to
protect property rights, adjudicate disputes, and provide a legal framework in which
voluntary trade is protected.
Efforts to forcibly redistribute wealth or forcibly manage trade are intolerable.
Government manipulation of the economy creates an entrenched privileged class -- those
with access to tax money -- and an exploited class -- those who are net taxpayers.
We believe that all individuals have the right to dispose of the fruits of their labor
as they see fit and that government has no right to take such wealth. We oppose
government-enforced charity such as welfare programs and subsidies, but we heartily
applaud those individuals and private charitable organizations that help the needy and
contribute to a wide array of worthwhile causes through voluntary activities.
2.1. THE ECONOMY
Government intervention in the economy imperils both the personal freedom and the
material prosperity of every American. To ensure the economic freedom and enhance the
economic well-being of Americans, we would implement the following policies:
a. Dramatic reductions in both taxes and government spending;
b. An end to deficit budgets;
c. A halt to inflationary monetary policies;
d. The elimination of all government impediments to free trade; and
e. The repeal of all controls on wages, prices, rents, profits, production, and
Since we believe that all persons are entitled to keep the fruits of their labor, we
oppose all government activity that consists of the forcible collection of money or goods
from individuals in violation of their individual rights. Specifically, we:
a. recognize the right of any individual to challenge the payment of taxes on moral,
religious, legal, or constitutional grounds;
b. oppose all personal and corporate income taxation, including capital gains taxes;
c. support the repeal of the Sixteenth Amendment, and oppose any increase in existing
tax rates and the imposition of any new taxes;
d. support the eventual repeal of all taxation; and
e. support a declaration of unconditional amnesty for all those individuals who have
been convicted of, or who now stand accused of, tax resistance.
As an interim measure, all criminal and civil sanctions against tax evasion should be
We oppose as involuntary servitude any legal requirements forcing employers or business
owners to serve as tax collectors for federal, state, or local tax agencies.
We oppose any and all increases in the rate of taxation or categories of taxpayers,
including the elimination of deductions, exemptions, or credits in the spurious name of
"fairness," "simplicity," or alleged "neutrality to the free
market." No tax can ever be fair, simple, or neutral to the free market.
In the current fiscal crisis of states and municipalities, default is preferable to
raising taxes or perpetual refinancing of growing public debt.
2.3. INFLATION AND DEPRESSION
We recognize that government control over money and banking is the primary cause of
inflation and depression. Individuals engaged in voluntary exchange should be free to use
as money any mutually agreeable commodity or item, such as gold coins denominated by units
of weight. We therefore call for the repeal of all legal tender laws and of all compulsory
governmental units of account. We support the right to private ownership of and contracts
for gold. We favor the elimination of all government fiat money and all government minted
coins. All restrictions upon the private minting of coins should be abolished so that
minting will be open to the competition of the free market.
We favor free-market banking. We call for the abolition of the Federal Reserve System,
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the National Banking System, and all similar
national and state interventions affecting banking and credit. Our opposition encompasses
all controls on the rate of interest. We also call for the abolition of the Federal Home
Loan Bank System, the Resolution Trust Corporation, the National Credit Union
Administration, the National Credit Union Central Liquidity Facility, and all similar
national and state interventions affecting savings and loan associations, credit unions,
and other depository institutions. There should be unrestricted competition among banks
and depository institutions of all types.
To complete the separation of bank and State, we favor the Jacksonian independent
treasury system, in which all government funds are held by the government itself and not
deposited in any private banks. The only further necessary check upon monetary inflation
is the consistent application of the general protection against fraud to the minting and
Pending its abolition, the Federal Reserve System, in order to halt inflation, must
immediately cease its expansion of the quantity of money. As interim measures, we further
a. the lifting of all restrictions on branch banking;
b. the repeal of all state usury laws;
c. the removal of all remaining restrictions on the interest paid for deposits;
d. the elimination of laws setting margin requirements on purchases and sales of
e. the revocation of all other selective credit controls;
f. the abolition of Federal Reserve control over the reserves of non-member banks and
other depository institutions; and
g. the lifting of the prohibition of domestic deposits denominated in foreign
2.4. FINANCE AND CAPITAL INVESTMENT
We call for the abolition of all regulation of financial and capital markets --
specifically, the abolition of the Securities and Exchange Commission, of state "Blue
Sky" laws which repress small and risky capital ventures, and of all federal
regulation of commodity markets. We oppose any attempts to ban or regulate investing in
stock-market index futures or new financial instruments which may emerge in the future.
We call for repeal of all laws based on the muddled concept of insider trading. What
should be punished is the theft of information or breach of contract to hold information
in confidence, not trading on the basis of valuable knowledge. We support the right of
third parties to make stock purchase tender offers to stockholders over the opposition of
entrenched management, and oppose all laws restricting such offers.
2.5. GOVERNMENT DEBT
We support the drive for a constitutional amendment requiring the national government
to balance its budget, and also support similar amendments to require balanced state
budgets. To be effective, a balanced budget amendment should provide:
a. that neither Congress nor the President be permitted to override this requirement;
b. that all off-budget items are included in the budget;
c. that the budget is balanced exclusively by cutting expenditures, and not by raising
d. that no exception be made for periods of national emergency.
The Federal Reserve should be forbidden to acquire any additional government
securities, thereby helping to eliminate the inflationary aspect of the deficit.
Governments facing fiscal crises should always default in preference to raising taxes. At
a minimum, the level of government should be frozen.
We condemn all coercive monopolies. We recognize that government is the source of
monopoly, through its grants of legal privilege to special interests in the economy. In
order to abolish monopolies, we advocate a strict separation of business and State.
"Anti-trust" laws do not prevent monopoly, but foster it by limiting
competition. We therefore call for the repeal of all "anti-trust" laws,
including the Robinson-Patman Act which restricts price discounts, the Sherman Anti-Trust
Act, and the Clayton Anti-Trust Act. We further call for the abolition of the Federal
Trade Commission and the anti-trust division of the Department of Justice.
We defend the right of individuals to form corporations, cooperatives, and other types
of companies based on voluntary association. Laws of incorporation should not include
grants of monopoly privilege. In particular, we oppose special limits on the liability of
corporations for damages caused in noncontractual transactions. We also oppose state or
federal limits on the size of private companies and on the right of companies to merge. We
further oppose efforts, in the name of social responsibility, or any other reason, to
expand federal chartering of corporations into a pretext for government control of
In order to achieve a free economy in which government victimizes no one for the
benefit of any other, we oppose all government subsidies to business, labor, education,
agriculture, science, broadcasting, the arts, sports, or any other special interest. In
particular, we condemn any effort to forge an alliance between government and business
under the guise of "reindustrialization" or "industrial policy." The
unrestricted competition of the free market is the best way to foster prosperity. We
therefore oppose any resumption of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, or any similar
plan that would force the taxpayer to subsidize or sustain any enterprise.
We call for the abolition of the Federal Financing Bank, the most important national
agency subsidizing special interests with government loans. We also oppose all government
guarantees of so-called private loans. Such guarantees transfer resources to special
interests as effectively as actual government expenditures and, at the national level,
exceed direct government loans in total amount. Taxpayers must never bear the cost of
default upon government-guaranteed loans. All national, state, and local government
agencies whose primary function is to guarantee loans, including the Federal Housing
Administration, the Rural Electrification Administration, and the Small Business
Administration, should be abolished or privatized.
The loans of government-sponsored enterprises, even when not guaranteed by the
government, constitute another form of subsidy. All such enterprises -- the Federal Home
Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Farm Credit
Administration, and the Student Loan Marketing Association -- must either be abolished or
Relief or exemption from taxation or from any other involuntary government
intervention, however, should not be considered a subsidy.
2.8. TRADE BARRIERS
Like subsidies, tariffs and quotas serve only to give special treatment to favored
special interests and to diminish the welfare of consumers and other individuals, as do
point-of-origin or content regulation. These measures also reduce the scope of contracts
and understanding among different peoples. We therefore support abolition of all trade
barriers and all government-sponsored export-promotion programs, as well as the U.S.
International Trade Commission and the U.S. Court of International Trade. We affirm this
as a unilateral policy, independent of the trade policies of other nations. Concurrent
with the adoption of this policy shall be the complete and unilateral withdrawal from all
international trade agreements including the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
1.9. PUBLIC UTILITIES
We advocate the termination of government-created franchise privileges and governmental
monopolies for such services as garbage collection, fire protection, electricity, natural
gas, cable television, telephone, or water supplies. Furthermore, all rate regulation in
these industries should be abolished. The right to offer such services on the market
should not be curtailed by law.
2.10. UNIONS AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
We support the right of free persons to voluntarily establish, associate in, or not
associate in, labor unions. An employer should have the right to recognize, or refuse to
recognize, a union as the collective bargaining agent of some, or all, of its employees.
We oppose government interference in bargaining, such as compulsory arbitration or the
imposition of an obligation to bargain. Therefore, we urge repeal of the National Labor
Relations Act, and all state Right-to-Work Laws which prohibit employers from making
voluntary contracts with unions. We oppose all government back-to-work orders as the
imposition of a form of forced labor.
Government-mandated waiting periods for closure of factories or businesses hurt, rather
than help, the wage-earner. We support all efforts to benefit workers, owners, and
management by keeping government out of this area.
Workers and employers should have the right to organize secondary boycotts if they so
choose. Nevertheless, boycotts or strikes do not justify the initiation of violence
against other workers, employers, strike-breakers, and innocent bystanders.
3.0. DOMESTIC ILLS
Current problems in such areas as energy, pollution, health care delivery, decaying
cities, and poverty are not solved, but are primarily caused, by government. The welfare
state, supposedly designed to aid the poor, is in reality a growing and parasitic burden
on all productive people, and injures, rather than benefits, the poor themselves.
We oppose all government control of energy pricing, allocation, and production, such as
that imposed by the Department of Energy, state public utility commissions, and state
pro-rationing agencies. We oppose all government subsidies for energy research,
development, and operation.
We oppose all direct and indirect government participation in the nuclear energy
industry, including subsidies, research and development funds, guaranteed loans, waste
disposal subsidies, and federal uranium enrichment facilities. The Nuclear Regulatory
Commission should be abolished; full liability -- not government agencies -- should
regulate nuclear power. The Price-Anderson Act, through which the government limits
liability for nuclear accidents and furnishes partial payment at taxpayer expense, should
be repealed. Nuclear energy should be denationalized and the industry's assets transferred
to the private sector. Any nuclear power industry must meet the test of a free market.
We support abolition of the Department of Energy and the abolition of its component
agencies, without their transfer elsewhere in the government. We oppose the creation of
any emergency mobilization agency in the energy field, which would wield dictatorial
powers in order to override normal legal processes. We oppose all government conservation
schemes through the use of taxes, subsidies, and regulation. We oppose the "strategic
storage" program, any attempt to compel national self-sufficiency in oil, any
extension of cargo preference law to imports, and any attempt to raise oil tariffs or
impose oil import quotas.
We favor the creation of a free market in oil by instituting full property rights in
underground oil and by the repeal of all government controls over output in the petroleum
industry. All government-owned energy resources should be turned over to private
Pollution of other people's property is a violation of individual rights. Present legal
principles, particularly the unjust and false concept of "public property,"
block privatisation of the use of the environment and hence block resolution of
controversies over resource use. We support the development of an objective legal system
defining property rights to air and water. We call for a modification of the laws
governing such torts as trespass and nuisance to cover damages done by air, water,
radiation, and noise pollution. We oppose legislative proposals to exempt persons who
claim damage from radiation from having to prove such damage was in fact caused by
radiation. Strict liability, not government agencies and arbitrary government standards,
should regulate pollution. We therefore demand the abolition of the Environmental
Protection Agency. We also oppose government-mandated smoking and non-smoking areas in
privately owned businesses.
Toxic waste disposal problems have been created by government policies that separate
liability from property. Rather than making taxpayers pay for toxic waste clean-ups,
individual property owners, or in the case of corporations, the responsible managers and
employees, should be held strictly liable for material damage done by their property.
Claiming that one has abandoned a piece of property does not absolve one of the
responsibility for actions one has set in motion. We condemn the EPA's Superfund whose
taxing powers are used to penalize all chemical firms, regardless of their conduct. Such
clean-ups are a subsidy of irresponsible companies at the expense of responsible ones.
3.3. CONSUMER PROTECTION
We support strong and effective laws against fraud and misrepresentation. However, we
oppose paternalistic regulations which dictate to consumers, impose prices, define
standards for products, or otherwise restrict risk-taking and free choice. We oppose
governmental promotion or imposition of the metric system.
We oppose all so-called "consumer protection" legislation which infringes
upon voluntary trade, and call for the abolition of the Consumer Product Safety
Commission. We advocate the repeal of all laws banning or restricting the advertising of
prices, products, or services. We specifically oppose laws requiring an individual to buy
or use so-called "self-protection" equipment such as safety belts, air bags, or
We advocate the abolition of the Federal Aviation Administration, which has jeopardized
safety by arrogating to itself a monopoly of safety regulation and enforcement. We call
for privatizing the air traffic control system and transferring the FAA's other functions
to private agencies.
We advocate the abolition of the Food and Drug Administration and particularly its
policies of mandating specific nutritional requirements and denying the right of
manufacturers to make non-fraudulent claims concerning their products. We advocate an end
to compulsory fluoridation of water supplies. We specifically oppose government regulation
of the price, potency, or quantity able to be produced or purchased of drugs or other
consumer goods. There should be no laws regarding what substances (nicotine, alcohol,
hallucinogens, narcotics, Laetrile, artificial sweeteners, vitamin supplements, or other
"drugs") a person may ingest or otherwise use.
We advocate the complete separation of education and State. Government schools lead to
the indoctrination of children and interfere with the free choice of individuals.
Government ownership, operation, regulation, and subsidy of schools and colleges should be
ended. We call for the repeal of the guarantees of tax-funded, government-provided
education, which are found in most state constitutions.
As an interim measure to encourage the growth of private schools and variety in
education, including home schooling, we support tax credits for tuition and other
expenditures related to an individual's education. We likewise favor tax credits for child
care and oppose nationalization of the child-care industry. We oppose denial of tax-exempt
status to schools because of those schools' private policies on hiring, admissions, and
student deportment. We support the repeal of all taxes on the income or property of
private schools, whether for profit or non-profit.
We condemn compulsory education laws, which spawn prison-like schools with many of the
problems associated with prisons, and we call for an immediate repeal of such laws.
Until government involvement in education is ended, we support elimination, within the
governmental school system, of forced busing and corporal punishment. We further support
immediate reduction of tax support for schools, and removal of the burden of school taxes
from those not responsible for the education of children.
Recognizing that the American people are not a collective national resource, we oppose
all coercive measures for population control.
We oppose government actions that either compel or prohibit abortion, sterilization, or
any other forms of birth control. Specifically, we condemn the vicious practice of forced
sterilization of welfare recipients or of mentally retarded or "genetically
We regard the tragedies caused by unplanned, unwanted pregnancies to be aggravated, if
not created, by government policies of censorship, restriction, regulation, and
prohibition. Therefore, we call for the repeal of all laws that restrict anyone, including
children, from engaging in voluntary exchanges of goods, services, or information
regarding human sexuality, reproduction, birth control, or related medical or biological
We equally oppose government laws and policies that restrict the opportunity to choose
alternatives to abortion.
We support an end to all subsidies for childbearing built into our present laws,
including welfare plans and the provision of tax-supported services for children. We urge
the elimination of special tax burdens on single people and couples with few or no
Government interference in transportation is characterized by monopolistic restriction,
corruption and gross inefficiency. We therefore call for the dissolution of all government
agencies concerned with transportation, including the Department of Transportation, the
Interstate Commerce Commission, the Federal Aviation Administration, the National
Transportation Safety Board, the Coast Guard, and the Federal Maritime Commission, and the
transfer of their legitimate functions to competitive private firms. We demand the return
of America's railroad system to private ownership. We call for the privatization of
airports, air traffic control systems, public roads, and the national highway system. We
condemn the re-cartelization of commercial aviation by the Federal Aviation Administration
via rationing of take-off and landing rights and controlling scheduling in the name of
As interim measures, we advocate an immediate end to government regulation of private
transit organizations and to governmental favors to the transportation industry. In
particular, we support the immediate repeal of all laws restricting transit competition
such as the granting of taxicab and bus monopolies and the prohibition of private jitney
services. We urge immediate deregulation of the trucking industry.
3.7. POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT
Government fiscal and monetary measures that artificially foster business expansion
guarantee an eventual increase in unemployment rather than curtailing it. We call for the
immediate cessation of such policies as well as any governmental attempts to affect
We support repeal of all laws that impede the ability of any person to find employment,
such as minimum wage laws, so-called "protective" labor legislation for women
and children, governmental restrictions on the establishment of private day-care centers,
and the National Labor Relations Act. We deplore government-fostered forced retirement,
which robs the elderly of the right to work.
We seek the elimination of occupational licensure, which prevents human beings from
working in whatever trade they wish. We call for the abolition of all federal, state, and
local government agencies that restrict entry into any profession, such as education and
law, or regulate its practice. No worker should be legally penalized for lack of
certification, and no consumer should be legally restrained from hiring unlicensed
We oppose all government welfare, relief projects, and "aid to the poor"
programs. All these government programs are invasive of privacy, paternalistic, demeaning,
and inefficient. The proper source of help for such persons is the voluntary efforts of
private groups and individuals.
To speed the time when governmental programs are replaced by effective private
institutions we advocate dollar-for-dollar tax credits for all charitable contributions.
3.8. HEALTH CARE
Recent decades have witnessed growing government involvement in the health care system.
That involvement has led to bureaucratic top-down management, rapidly escalating prices,
costly regulations, the criminalization of the practice of medicine, and a host of other
problems. None of these problems was prevalent prior to the time when government began to
increase its involvement. We believe that government involvement is the principal cause of
many of the problems we face in the health care system today. Therefore we favor restoring
and reviving a free market health care system.
We advocate a complete separation of medicine from the state. We recognize the right of
individuals to determine free from government interference and its harmful side effects
the level of insurance they want, the level of care they want, the care providers they
want, the medicines and treatments they will use, and all other aspects of their medical
care. We oppose any government restriction or funding of medical or scientific research,
We support an end to government-provided health insurance and health care. Both of
these functions can be more effectively provided in the private sector. The high cost of
health insurance is largely due to government's excessive regulation of the industry.
Government's role in any kind of insurance should only be to enforce contracts when
necessary, not to dictate to insurance companies and consumers which kinds of insurance
contracts they may voluntarily agree upon.
3.9. RESOURCE USE
Resource management is properly the responsibility and right of the legitimate owners
of land, water, and other natural resources. We oppose government control of resource use
through eminent domain, zoning laws, building codes, rent control, regional planning,
urban renewal, or purchase of development rights with tax money. Such regulations and
programs violate property rights, discriminate against minorities, create housing
shortages, and tend to cause higher rents.
We advocate the establishment of an efficient and just system of private water rights,
applied to all bodies of water, surface and underground. Such a system should be built
upon a doctrine of first claim and use. The allocation of water should be governed by
unrestricted competition and unregulated prices. All government restrictions upon private
use or voluntary transfer of water rights or similar despotic controls can only aggravate
the misallocation of water.
We also advocate the privatization of government and quasi-government water supply
systems. The construction of government dams and other water projects should cease, and
existing government water projects should be transferred to private ownership. We favor
the abolition of the Bureau of Reclamation and the Army Corps of Engineers' civilian
functions. We also favor the abolition of all local water districts and their power to
tax. Only the complete separation of water and the State will prevent future water crises.
We call for the homesteading or other just transfer to private ownership of federally
held lands. We oppose any use of executive orders invoking the Antiquities Act to set
aside public lands. We call for the abolition of the Bureau of Land Management and the
U.S. Forest Service. Forced surface-mining of privately homesteaded lands in which the
government has reserved surface mining rights to itself is a violation of the rights of
the present landholders. We recognize the legitimacy of resource planning by means of
private, voluntary covenants. We oppose creation of new government parks or wilderness and
recreation areas. Such parks and areas that already exist should be transferred to
non-government ownership. Pending such just transfer, their operating costs should be
borne by their users rather than by taxpayers.
America's free market in agriculture, the system that feeds much of the world, has been
plowed under by government intervention. Government subsidies, regulation, and taxes have
encouraged the centralization of agricultural business. Government export policies hold
American farmers hostage to the political whims of both Republican and Democratic
administrations. Government embargoes on grain sales and other obstacles to free trade
have frustrated the development of free and stable trade relationships between peoples of
The agricultural problems facing America today are not insoluble, however. Government
policies can be reversed. Farmers and consumers alike should be free from the meddling and
counterproductive measures of the federal government -- free to grow, sell, and buy what
they want, in the quantity they want, when they want. Five steps can be taken immediately:
a. abolition of the Department of Agriculture
b. elimination of all government farm programs, including price supports, direct
subsidies, and all regulation on agricultural production;
c. deregulation of the transportation industry and abolition of the Interstate Commerce
d. repeal of federal inheritance taxes; and
e. ending government involvement in agricultural pest control. A policy of pest control
whereby private individuals or corporations bear full responsibility for damages they
inflict on their neighbors should be implemented.
3.11. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT (OSHA)
We call for the repeal of the Occupational Safety and Health Act. This law denies the
right to liberty and property to both employer and employee, and it interferes in their
private contractual relations. OSHA's arbitrary and high-handed actions invade property
rights, raise costs, and are an injustice imposed on business.
3.12. SOCIAL SECURITY
We favor replacing the current fraudulent, virtually bankrupt, government sponsored
Social Security system with a private voluntary system. Pending that replacement,
participation in Social Security should be made voluntary. Victims of the Social Security
tax should have a claim against government property.
3.13. POSTAL SERVICE
We propose the abolition of the government Postal Service. The present system, in
addition to being inefficient, encourages government surveillance of private
correspondence. Pending abolition, we call for an end to the monopoly system and for
allowing free competition in all aspects of postal service.
3.14. CIVIL SERVICE
We propose the abolition of the Civil Service system, which entrenches a permanent and
growing bureaucracy upon the land. We recognize that the Civil Service is inherently a
system of concealed patronage. We therefore recommend return to the Jeffersonian principle
of rotation in office.
3.15. ELECTION LAWS
We call for an end to government control of political parties, consistent with First
Amendment rights to freedom of association and freedom of expression. As private voluntary
groups, political parties should be allowed to establish their own rules for nomination
procedures, primaries, and conventions.
We urge repeal of the Federal Election Campaign Act which suppresses voluntary support
of candidates and parties, compels taxpayers to subsidize politicians and political views
which many do not wish to support, invades the privacy of American citizens, and protects
the Republican and Democratic parties from competition. This law is particularly dangerous
as it enables the federal government to control the elections of its own administrators
and beneficiaries, thereby further reducing its accountability to the citizens.
Elections at all levels should be in the control of those who wish to participate in or
support them voluntarily. We therefore call for an end to any tax-financed subsidies to
candidates or parties and the repeal of all laws which restrict voluntary financing of
Many state legislatures have established prohibitively restrictive laws which in effect
exclude alternative candidates and parties from their rightful place on election ballots.
Such laws wrongfully deny ballot access to political candidates and groups and further
deny the voters their right to consider all legitimate alternatives. We hold that no state
has an interest to protect in this area except for the fair and efficient conduct of
The Australian ballot system, introduced into the United States in the late nineteenth
century, is an abridgement of freedom of expression and of voting rights. Under it, the
names of all the officially approved candidates are printed in a single government
sponsored format and the voter indicates his or her choice by marking it or by writing in
an approved but unlisted candidate's name. We should return to the previous electoral
system where there was no official ballot or candidate approval at all, and therefore no
state or federal restriction of access to a "single ballot." Instead, voters
submitted their own choices and had the option of using "tickets" or cards
printed by candidates or political parties.
In order to grant voters a full range of choice in federal, state, and local elections,
we propose the addition of the alternative "None of the above is acceptable" to
all ballots. We further propose that in the event that "none of the above is
acceptable" receives a plurality of votes in any election, the elective office for
that term should remain unfilled and unfunded.
4.0. FOREIGN AFFAIRS
American foreign policy should seek an America at peace with the world and the defense
-- against attack from abroad -- of the lives, liberty, and property of the American
people on American soil. Provision of such defense must respect the individual rights of
The principle of non-intervention should guide relationships between governments. The
United States government should return to the historic libertarian tradition of avoiding
entangling alliances, abstaining totally from foreign quarrels and imperialist adventures,
and recognizing the right to unrestricted trade, travel, and immigration.
4.A. DIPLOMATIC POLICY
The important principle in foreign policy should be the elimination of intervention by
the United States government in the affairs of other nations. We would negotiate with any
foreign government without necessarily conceding moral legitimacy to that government. We
favor a drastic reduction in cost and size of our total diplomatic establishment. In
addition, we favor the repeal of the Logan Act, which prohibits private American citizens
from engaging in diplomatic negotiations with foreign governments.
4.A.2. INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND FOREIGN INVESTMENTS
We recognize that foreign governments might violate the rights of Americans traveling,
living, or owning property abroad, just as those governments violate the rights of their
own citizens. We condemn all such violations, whether the victims are U.S. citizens or
Any effort, however, to extend the protection of the United States government to U.S.
citizens when they or their property fall within the jurisdiction of a foreign government
involves potential military intervention. We therefore call upon the United States
government to adhere rigidly to the principle that all U.S. citizens travel, live, and own
property abroad at their own risk. In particular, we oppose -- as unjust tax-supported
subsidy -- any protection of the foreign investments of U.S. citizens or businesses.
The issuance of U.S. passports should cease. We look forward to an era in which
American citizens and foreigners can travel anywhere in the world without a passport. We
aim to restore a world in which there are no passports, visas, or other papers required to
cross borders. So long as U.S. passports are issued, they should be issued to all
individuals without discrimination and should not be revoked for any reason.
4.A.3. HUMAN RIGHTS
We condemn the violations of human rights in all nations around the world. We
particularly abhor the widespread and increasing use of torture for interrogation and
punishment. We call upon all the world's governments to fully implement the principles and
prescriptions contained in this platform and thereby usher in a new age of international
harmony based upon the universal reign of liberty.
Until such a global triumph for liberty, we support both political and revolutionary
actions by individuals and groups against governments that violate rights. We recognize
the right of all people to resist tyranny and defend themselves and their rights. We
condemn, however, the use of force, and especially the use of terrorism, against the
innocent, regardless of whether such acts are committed by governments or by political and
The violation of rights and liberty by other governments can never justify foreign
intervention by the United States government. Today, no government is innocent of
violating human rights and liberty, and none can approach the issue with clean hands. In
keeping with our goal of peaceful international relations, we call upon the United States
government to cease its hypocrisy and its sullying of the good name of human rights. Only
private individuals and organizations have any place speaking out on this issue.
4.A.4. WORLD GOVERNMENT
We support withdrawal of the United States government from, and an end to its financial
support for, the United Nations. Specifically, we oppose any U.S. policy designating the
United Nations as policeman of the world, committing U.S. troops to wars at the discretion
of the U.N., or placing U.S. troops under U.N. command. We oppose U.S. government
participation in any world or international government. We oppose any treaty under which
individual rights would be violated.
We recognize the right to political secession. This includes the right to secession by
political entities, private groups, or individuals. Exercise of this right, like the
exercise of all other rights, does not remove legal and moral obligations not to violate
the rights of others.
4.B.1. MILITARY POLICY
Any U.S. military policy should have the objective of providing security for the lives,
liberty and property of the American people in the U.S. against the risk of attack by a
foreign power. This objective should be achieved as inexpensively as possible and without
undermining the liberties it is designed to protect.
The potential use of nuclear weapons is the greatest threat to all the peoples of the
world, not only Americans. Thus, the objective should be to reduce the risk that a nuclear
war might begin and its scope if it does.
We call on the U.S. government to continue negotiations toward multi-lateral reduction
of nuclear armaments, to the end that all such weapons will ultimately be eliminated,
under such conditions of verification as to ensure multi-lateral security. During arms
reduction negotiations, and to enhance their progress, the U.S. should begin the
retirement of some of its nuclear weapons as proof of its commitment. Because the U.S. has
many more thousands of nuclear weapons than are currently required, beginning the process
of arms reduction would not jeopardize American security. U.S. weapons of indiscriminate
mass destruction should be replaced with smaller weapons aimed solely at military targets
and not designed or targeted to kill millions of civilians.
We call on the U.S. government to remove its nuclear weapons from Europe. If European
countries want nuclear weapons on their soil, they should take full responsibility for
them and pay the cost.
We call for the replacement of nuclear war fighting policies with a policy of
developing cost-effective defensive systems. Accordingly, we advocate termination of the
1972 ABM treaty or any future agreement which would prevent defensive systems on U.S.
territory or in earth orbit.
We call for the withdrawal of all American military personnel stationed abroad,
including the countries of NATO Europe, Japan, the Philippines, Central America and South
Korea. There is no current or foreseeable risk of any conventional military attack on the
American people, particularly from long distances. We call for the withdrawal of the U.S.
from commitments to engage in war on behalf of other governments and for abandonment of
doctrines supporting military intervention such as the Monroe Doctrine.
4.B.2. PRESIDENTIAL WAR POWERS
We call for the reform of the Presidential War Powers Act to end the President's power
to initiate military action, and for the abrogation of all Presidential declarations of
"states of emergency." There must be no further secret commitments and
unilateral acts of military intervention by the Executive Branch.
We favor a Constitutional amendment limiting the presidential role as
Commander-in-Chief to its original meaning, namely that of the head of the armed forces in
wartime. The Commander-in-Chief role, correctly understood, confers no additional
authority on the President.
4.C.0. ECONOMIC POLICY
4.C.1. FOREIGN AID
We support the elimination of tax-supported military, economic, technical, and
scientific aid to foreign governments or other organizations. We support the abolition of
government underwriting of arms sales. We further support abolition of federal agencies
that make American taxpayers guarantors of export-related loans, such as the Export-Import
Bank and the Commodity Credit Corporation. We also oppose the participation of the U.S.
government in international commodity circles which restrict production, limit
technological innovation, and raise prices.
We call for the repeal of all prohibitions on individuals or firms contributing or
selling goods and services to any foreign country or organization.
4.C.2. INTERNATIONAL MONEY
We favor withdrawal of the United States from all international paper money and other
inflationary credit schemes. We favor withdrawal from the World Bank and the International
We strongly oppose any bailout of foreign governments or American banks by the United
States, either by means of the International Monetary Fund or through any other
4.C.3. UNOWNED RESOURCES
We oppose any recognition of fiat claims by national governments or international
bodies to unclaimed territory. Individuals have the right to homestead unowned resources,
both within the jurisdictions of national governments and within such unclaimed territory
as the ocean, Antarctica, and the volume of outer space. We urge the development of
objective international standards for recognizing homesteaded claims to private ownership
of such forms of property as transportation lanes, broadcast bands, mineral rights,
fishing rights, and ocean farming rights. All laws, treaties, and international agreements
that would prevent or restrict homesteading of unowned resources should be abolished. We
specifically hail the U.S. refusal to accept the proposed Law of the Sea Treaty because
the treaty excluded private property principles, and we oppose any future ratification.
4.D.0. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
United States colonialism has left a legacy of property confiscation, economic
manipulation, and over-extended defense boundaries. We favor immediate self-determination
for all people living in colonial dependencies, such as Samoa, Guam, Palau, the Northern
Mariana Islands, and the Virgin Islands, to free these people from U.S. dominance,
accompanied by the termination of subsidization of them at taxpayers' expense. Land seized
by the U.S. government should be returned to its rightful owners.
4.D.2. FOREIGN INTERVENTION
We would end the current U.S. government policy of foreign intervention, including
military and economic aid, guarantees, and diplomatic meddling. We would end all
limitation of private foreign aid, both military and economic. Voluntary cooperation with
any economic boycott should not be treated as a crime.
We would repeal the Neutrality Act of 1794, and all other U.S. neutrality laws which
restrict the efforts of Americans to aid overseas organizations fighting to overthrow or
We would no longer incorporate foreign nations into the U.S. defense perimeter. We
would cease the creation and maintenance of U.S. bases and sites for the pre-positioning
of military material in other countries. We would end the practice of stationing of
American military troops overseas.
We make no exceptions to the above.
4.D.3. SPACE EXPLORATION
We oppose all government restrictions upon voluntary peaceful use of outer space. We
condemn all international attempts to prevent or limit private exploration,
industrialization, and colonization of the moon, planets, asteroids, satellite orbits,
Lagrange libration points, or any other extra-terrestrial resources. We repudiate the
principles contained in the U.N. Moon Treaty. We support the privatization of the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Our silence about any other particular government law, regulation, ordinance,
directive, edict, control, regulatory agency, activity, or machination should not be
construed to imply approval.